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  • criteria for being an imam

    assalamualaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

    what is the criteria for becoming an imam or what are the qualities that a person should have to become an imam to lead in prayers.

    kindly provide all the references

    jazakallah khairun.

  • #2
    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    و عليكم السلام و رحمة الله و بركاته

    Question:
    I have a question regarding arrogance and becoming an imam.
    In my community there are a few Muslims that always assume that they are the "most noble and learned" of the Muslims in the community and always assume the imam position in prayer, and never request that another brother go ahead. In fact, before the iqamah is recited these Muslims are already at the imam's mu-salla. The never request another brother to become imam, and one of them even said "there is no one here more qualified than myself." I do not know the exact reason why some of these Muslims feel that they are the most qualified, but I think it is because they feel that they are the oldest among the jama'ah or longest living in the community or even that they are of a particular nationality or dress.
    I also know that there are some brothers who have alhamdulillah memorized much of the Qur'aan but they never want to become imam because they do not want to be associated or in competition with the arragant ones.
    Please forgive me for this somewhat long message, but is it permissible or even preferred for these Muslims who may be learned to deny becoming the imam because of perhaps humility? Are these two situations (the assuming of becoming imam and the denying of it) two extremes that Allaah may be displeased with? If so, what should the people in the jama'ah do in this situation?

    Answer:

    Praise be to Allaah.
    Many saheeh ahaadeeth have been narrated which explain to the Muslims who is most qualified and has the most right to lead the prayers. One of these ahaadeeth is that which was narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
    “If there are three people, let one of them lead the others in prayer, and the one who has the most right to lead them is the one who knows more Qur’aan.” (Narrated by Muslim, no. 1077).
    The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
    “The people should be led in prayer by the one who has most knowledge of the Qur’aan and has been reciting it for longer. If they are equal in their knowledge and reading of the Qur’aan, then they should be led by the one who made hijrah first. If they are equal with regard to hijrah, then they should be led by the one who is older…” (Narrated by Muslim, 1079).
    To sum up what is indicated by these ahaadeeth, the one who has the most right to lead the others in prayer is: the one who has most knowledge of the Book of Allaah and of the fiqh of salaah.
    Those who knew more of the Book of Allaah were appointed to lead the prayers at the time of the Sahaabah, because they had learned the correct way of reciting the aayat and they had learned the knowledge contained therein and the deeds prescribed by the Qur’aan. So they combined knowledge and action [they acted upon what they had learned], and did not stop at merely memorizing as is the case nowadays. How many people learn all or part of the Qur’aan, take care to recite it properly and with a beautiful voice, but they do not know anything about the fiqh of salaah.
    If they are equal with regard to knowledge of the Qur’aan, then the one who knows more about the Sunnah should lead the prayer. If they are equal with regard to knowledge of the Sunnah, then the one who made hijrah first should lead the prayer. If they are equal with regard to hijrah, or if this does not apply, then the one who is older should lead the prayer, as is indicated in the hadeeth of Maalik ibn al-Huwayrith, who said:
    We came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and we were young people, close in age. We stayed with him for twenty days, and the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was kind to us. When he thought that we were missing our families, he asked us about those whom we had left behind, and we told him. He said, “Go back to your families and stay with them. Teach them and instruct them” – and he said some things I remembered and some that I forgot. “And pray as you have seen me praying. When the time for prayer comes, let one of you call the Adhaan and let the oldest among you lead the prayer.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 6705). If they are equal with regard to recitation of the Qur’aan, knowledge and hijrah, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded that the eldest of them should be appointed to lead the prayer. If they are equal in age, then the one who is most righteous (has most taqwaa) should be appointed, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
    “Verily, the most honourable of you with Allaah is that (believer) who has al-Taqwaa (is one of the pious)…” [al-Hujuraat 49:13]. If they are equal in all regards, then they should draw lots, if there is a dispute.
    Having a PhD or having lived the longest in the land of the kuffaar does not qualify a person to lead the prayers. The one who has memorized more Qur’aan and has more knowledge of the fiqh of salaah is the one who should be appointed. It is not right for Muslims to dispute over the leadership of the prayers on the basis of their personal whims and desires. They should appoint the person who is described by sharee’ah as being qualified to lead the prayers. We ask Allaah to reform the Muslims.

    Islam Q&A
    Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

    http://islamqa.com/index.php?ref=187...مة
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    • #3
      assalamualaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

      jazakallah khairun brother ayman
      i have one more doubt brother that if there are two persons and one is hafiz -e-quran and another one is alim then who should be made imam hafiz or alim.

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      • #4
        بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

        و إياكم أخي الكريم

        IO recall Imam Malik pointed to this matter. He - رحمه الله - said: The one with knowledge gets the priority over the Quran memorizer if both are equal in the criteria that are mentioned above because:

        someone with knowledge will ensure that the Salah is done perfectly and he will be able to know the Rukn from Wajib and Sunnah and will be able to know what makes the Salah void or not and so forth.

        Note: I refer to knowledge that include knowledge of salah and the person knows how to recite Quran.

        Wallahu A'lam
        Seeking Knowledge & Learning Fiqh Is Only Praised When It Is For The Purpose Of Acting Upon It, Not For The Sake Of Discussions & Arguments

        Why Posts Are Deleted?
        [Subscribe] Oasis.of.Serenity

        If I do not greet back in writing then know I do it verbally because sometimes I am too busy and just want to answer the question.

        Comment

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