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31-03-16, 06:03 AM


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31-03-16, 02:51 PM


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http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/vb/showthread.php?t=363743

31-03-16, 07:39 PM
ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻫﺎﺏ ﺭﺣﻤﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ( ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻟﻴﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻜﻔﺮ ﻟﻈﻨﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺘﺄﺗﻰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻙ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﻞ ﻻ ﻳﺄﺗﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻃﻴﻦ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺮﻙ ﻭﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻮﺍﻛﺐ ﻭﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﺳﻤﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﻔﺮﺍ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ : - ﺇﻧﻤﺎ ﻧﺤﻦ ﻓﺘﻨﺔ ﻓﻼ ﺗﻜﻔﺮ [ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ 102: ]
ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺳﺤﺮ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﺧﻴﻦ ﻭﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﺑﺴﺤﺮ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺳﻤﻲ ﺳﺤﺮﺍ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﺯ ﻛﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻤﺔ ﺳﺤﺮﺍ ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺣﺮﺍﻣﺎ ﻟﻤﻀﺮﺗﻪ ﻭﻳﻌﺰﺭ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺰﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻠﻴﻐﺎ )  .
ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻨﻘﻴﻄﻲ : ( ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﻈﻢ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﺎﻟﻜﻮﺍﻛﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻦ ﻭﻏﻴﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺑﻼ ﻧﺰﺍﻉ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﺳﺤﺮ ﻫﺎﺭﻭﺕ ﻭﻣﺎﺭﻭﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺑﻼ ﻧﺰﺍﻉﻛﻤﺎ ﺩﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ : - ﻭﻣﺎ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻃﻴﻦ ﻛﻔﺮﻭﺍ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮ [ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ : 102 ] , ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺘﻀﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻛﺎﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﺹ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻫﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻫﺎ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺣﺮﺍﻡ ﺣﺮﻣﺔ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﺑﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ.